Be aware that there may be pickpockets in heavily crowded areas and on public buses and trains; however, pickpocketing is not common in Porto. Travelling by bus or metro is generally safe and one of the best ways to go from a place to another.
Porto is generally a safe place to be if you take normal precautions like walking in well-illuminated streets at night. One part of Porto, near the Tourist Information Office between the cathedral and the steps to the small church, often has drunk people that could possibly be trouble. There’s no reason for alarm because many of them are inoffensive, but it is best to use some caution, as you would elsewhere.
If you take the main road from the bus station to the cathedral and tourist information center, walk back to the bus station after you’re done and then walk from there to the other sites. Avoid the shortcut from the tourist information center downstairs because near there have been many incidents there.
Call 112 if you have an emergency.